Many people that get their water from a private well have a problem with sediment in the water and need to use an in-line sediment filter to remove it. You go to change the filter cartridge in the filter housing and when you’ve got it all back together, you see a little drop start to form where the bottom meets the top, and you have a leaking water filter.
How to fix a leaking water filter.
Shut off the water supply going to the leaking water filter by turning a ball valve lever 1/4 turn (90 degrees).
Depressurize the filter by turning on the water faucet after the system until water stops.
Shut off the water after filter if possible.
Unscrew the leaking filter housing.
Check and clean housing and O ring that seals the filter housing.
Lubricate O ring with silicone-based lubricant and place it back in its channel.
Replace housing and hand tighten.
Turn the water back on and check for leaks.
Shut off the water feeding into the filter. This is done by turning a valve lever or shut off a valve that looks like an outside hose handle. Turn on a water faucet and wait until water stops completely, then shut off the water after the filter housing if there is a shut off.
Using a wrench included with the filter housing, unscrew the bottom of the filter housing counter-clockwise from the top of the housing.
I found this great “Steel” filter wrench that I can’t recommend enough! It’s stronger, and longer than a plastic wrench and makes filter replacement a breeze!
As you remove the bottom of the housing, be aware of the O ring that sits on top of or just inside of the container.
If this O ring has come out of its channel, place it aside to be cleaned and returned to its proper position. If the O ring is still sitting in its correct channel, leave it there for now and be careful not to knock it out of its channel.
Lightly run your finger over the O ring to remove any debris that could be causing the O ring to not create a good seal. Apply a small layer of silicone-based lubricant to the top of the O ring. Carefully screw the housing bottom back onto the housing top and hand tighten.
You may use the wrench provided for the housing to snug the housing up, but only snug it a tiny bit. Do not overtighten!
Slowly turn the supply water back on and check for leaks. If leaking continues, read further for more detailed instructions on identifying the cause of the leak.
Most leaks on home water filters are simply the result of a small piece of grit that gets caught between the rubber O ring inside the housing and the housing container itself.
Clearing this debris and making sure the O ring creates a proper seal will usually stop the leak. So let’s take a look and find that pesky debris. If you have well water that contains sediment, you more than likely have a sediment filter that you have to change regularly.
After you have changed it a few times, it becomes a pretty routine process. Until the time when you change it and you see that drip of water slowly running down the outside of the filter housing.
Now, what are you going to do now that you have a leaking water filter? First of all, don’t panic, and don’t run off to call a plumber to replace the whole unit just because we have a little leak.
Let’s check a few things to see if we can get this leak stopped and save you a costly visit from the plumber.
On some housings, the leak may be coming from a pressure release button(usually red in color) on top of the head. This button is to release the water pressure from the housing in order to change the filter cartridge.
This is not common, but if this is where the leak is, just push the button down several times while the housing is under pressure and you may release the debris that is preventing it from sealing. There will be water spraying out when you do this, so have a towel handy.
I usually put a towel right on the top of the housing and depress the red button with the towel covering it to keep the spraying water to a minimum. If this does not stop the leak you may have to replace the o ring underneath the button or have your plumber replace the whole housing.
To get at the o ring underneath the pressure release button, you will have to shut off the water, release the pressure, and remove the bottom part of the filter housing called the sump. When you have removed the sump, you will be able to see a small screw right underneath the red button.
This screw is usually a Phillips head screw and has a small o ring on it. Carefully remove the screw and o ring, then remove the o ring from the screw.
If you find that there is dirt on the O ring, you might be able to clean and lubricate the O ring and re-use it. If not, replace the O ring adding a tiny bit of silicone-based lubricant to it, and tighten the screw snugly but do not overtighten.
Replace the filter and sump to the housing and slowly turn the water back on. Check for leaks, and you are done. If the leak continues at the button, there may be a crack in the housing and it may need to be replaced.
Most of the time the water is coming out from where the bottom container part of the housing( this is called the sump) meets the top (head) of the housing. If this is where the leak is originating, continue reading below and we should be able to fix this problem.
Ok, let’s get the water shut off before the filter, and the water pressure released. If you have changed your filter before then you already know how to do this part, but for those of you that don’t, here’s what we are going to do.
We have to isolate the filter housing so there is no water running to it from your water source, and no water running back to it from your home. There are usually water shut off valves not too far from the filter housing in either direction.
One before the filter and one after the filter. First shut off the water that is before the filter, coming into the house.
This will likely be a lever that is right by the blue or sometimes grey water storage pressure tank. Once this is shut off, we want to make sure that the water is off by turning on the cold water at a sink inside the house that you know is used on a regular basis.
The kitchen sink is usually a perfect example. Turn on the faucet and let it run until the water stops. Now we know that the water to the house is off.
Shut off the water after the filter. Now, let’s look for a shut-off lever or hose spigot type shut off to isolate the filter from the rest of the house. This is often not far after the filter housing.
Next, we want to be sure that the pressure inside the housing is released, this is done by pressing down on the red button that is on top of the housing.
When you press this button, a small amount of water may dribble out along with a little burst of air. This is exactly what is supposed to happen so don’t be alarmed, this is simply releasing whatever pressure might be left inside the housing.
Once we have the water shut off before and after the filter housing, we can now unscrew the filter sump. This is the bottom part of the housing that may look a bit like a large clear test tube or a large blue drink tumbler.
This sump should unscrew counter-clockwise if you were to be looking at it from underneath the bottom of it looking up. The rule of thumb, righty tightly, lefty loosey does apply here if you are viewing it from under the housing.
Also, if you put your left hand on the housing and the housing is on your left-hand side, the sump will unscrew by turning it clockwise.
You might want to grab a bucket, a towel, and maybe someone else to help you.
Take the sump wrench that came with the filter housing (It looks like a giant magnifying glass that Sherlock Holmes would have used, but without the glass in it), and slide it up over the sump from the bottom over the grooves in the sump until it fits snugly towards the top of the sump.
Then, while holding the top of the housing with one hand, gently rotate the sump until it becomes loose, then use your hands to unscrew it from the top.
I recommend supporting the sump with one hand while rotating it with the other as the sump has water in it and we don’t want to spill too much of it on the floor.
Now that we have the sump off, let’s take the filter cartridge out but don’t pour the water out, we may use it to rinse out the sump. Now you can set the sump inside the bucket if you like as we are going to take a look at the O ring that is inside it.
Do not remove the O ring yet! Chances are that the underside of the O ring is just fine, and it is not the cause of the leak. We are going to inspect the top of the O ring without removing it if possible.
The reason why we are not going to remove the O ring is that they sometimes stretch and can be difficult to put back in. And sometimes will not go back in at all.
Run your finger lightly over the top of the O ring, you will most likely feel some grit or bumps as you go over it. Go around once or twice then wipe off your finger and run over it again until you feel a smooth even surface. Now use a little water to rinse the top of the O ring so it is free of grit.
I recommend putting a small amount of silicon-based food-grade lubricant on the top of the O ring, this will help the seal between the O ring and the housing, making it less likely to leak.
Do NOT use Petroleum Jelly on the O ring as it will break down the rubber and cause the O ring to expand and not fit properly.
Now if the O ring has come out of the housing, we want to make sure it is very clean as is the channel in which it sits.
Wipe out the channel that the O ring sits in with a clean towel then gently wipe off any dirt or grit from the O ring by running it through your fingers.
Do not squeeze the O ring with your fingers as this can cause it to stretch. Put a small film of silicone-based lubricant over the entire O ring before putting it back in to help it make a good seal when you replace the housing.
If the O ring seems like it is too big to fit inside the channel that it came out of, it has most likely stretched a bit over time. By adding a thicker layer of the silicone lubricant, you should be able to get it to set properly.
If the O ring will no longer fit into the channel, it may have expanded due to exposure to chemicals like chlorine or petroleum jelly (vaseline).
Or if the O ring has developed flat areas on it due to age or pinching, the O ring should be replaced. In a pinch, if you absolutely can’t get the O ring to stay in its channel you can try cutting out a very tiny section of it to make it fit properly.
You should only need to cut out a very small amount, maybe 1/16 of an inch to make it fit. Remember that you can always cut away a little more if necessary, but you can’t put more back on to it. Only try this if it is a matter of water or no water to the home.
And get yourself a few new O rings as soon as possible. I highly recommend having at least two extra O rings available, just in case you unable to replace the existing O ring because it has expanded or if you lose the O ring during the changing of the inline filter cartridge.
There are two common sizes of filter cartridges used for most home filtering applications. The most common is a cartridge that is 2.5 inches in diameter and the larger size is 4.5 inches in diameter.
But just because the filter cartridge may fit different housings does not mean that the O rings are the same for all housings. Be sure to check your exact size O ring diameter and thickness when ordering online as there are similar-looking O rings that may not fit your housing.
If you don’t have a back-up O ring, you can get one from www.china-filterhousing.com/
If you are in need of a new one immediately, leave your water off and bring the old one to the hardware store. This way you can match it up as close as possible to one that they have at the store.
Now, with the O ring back in its channel, place the new filter cartridge in the center of the housing, be sure that it sits over the top of the nub at the bottom of the housing.
Center the housing into the head and screw the sump back onto the head using only your hands. Do not use the wrench to put the sump back on as it will make it much harder to remove it next time.
Hand-tight will normally be tight enough to create a good seal and not cause difficulty for future changes. The filter cartridge may not be in the housing correctly.
When you remove a filter cartridge from the filter housing, sometimes a little bit of debris can be left behind. If this debris gets underneath the new filter cartridge that you are putting in, it may prevent the housing from going together properly.
If the housing does not screw in all the way, there will be insufficient pressure on the O ring to create a good seal and you could have a leak.
When you remove an old filter cartridge, always be sure to check for dirt and debris in the center of the housing where the center of the filter cartridge sits.
By making sure that this area is clean, your new filter cartridge should sit down properly and the housing should be able to screw on completely, giving you a waterproof seal.
There may be a crack in the filter housing. Just like anything else in a household, a water filter housing can get hit by something or something could fall on it and damage it. This can cause the bottom part of the housing (the sump) to push against the top of the housing and cause it to crack.
Even the tiniest crack can allow water to seep through and leak, and trying to tighten the housing will more than likely make it worse.
If you have thoroughly cleaned the bottom sump out and tried a new O ring with a thin layer of silicone lubricant on it and your filter housing is still leaking, you may have a cracked sump.
There is not much that you can do to repair a cracked sump that will work long term, so at this point, it may be time to replace the whole housing.
Most housing bottoms (sumps) are not interchangeable so you are better off getting a whole new housing. They are not very expensive and you will probably sleep better at night knowing that you have a nice new filter housing. How to replace your inline filter housing.
Replacing the whole housing is actually pretty easy. Most of the time they are attached by threaded fittings on each side of it that are simply tightened up just like tightening a nut on a screw.
If you have Pex piping you can usually loosen the threaded fittings simply by turning them when they are still connected to the Pex piping. First, we need to shut off the water going to the filter housing and then run the water at a sink until the water stops flowing.
Now that we have the housing depressurized, turn the fittings until the housing comes loose. Before installing the new housing, be sure to remove any leftover Teflon tape or other substances that are left in the threads that will be going into the housing.
Once the threads are clean, wrap some Teflon tape around the exposed threads in a counterclockwise direction. Be careful not to use too much, about three full wraps around the threads should work fine.
The Teflon is only used to make sure that the threads are able to screw in an entire way, so you don’t need much. Slowly and carefully thread the new filter housing on just as the old one came off, making sure that the new one is threaded in completely but without over-tightening.
Once you feel confident that the new housing is on correctly, install a new filter cartridge and gradually turn the water back on. Check for leaks and you are done.
If you do decide to replace your in-line filter housing, I recommend that you do use a soft-plastic, non-see through filter housing.
If you are considering a new or larger whole house filter, you can find everything you need at www.china-filterhousing.com/
Although you may like the idea of seeing through the housing to be able to see if the filter cartridge is dirty, the clear housings are more brittle than the soft plastic ones so they can crack more easily.
If it is a filter on a reverse osmosis system, try swapping the housing with another. The filter housings on most reverse osmosis drinking water systems are basically the same as a larger in-line whole house filter housing.
Be sure that the housing is clear of dirt and debris. Clean and replace the O ring seal and then see if the leak is fixed.
If the leak continues, try switching the leaking housing with one of the other housings. If the leak is now coming from the same housing even though it is in a different spot, then double-check and replace the O ring.
If the leak continues, then the housing may be cracked. If the system continues leaking from the same spot as before even though you have switched housings, then there is something wrong on the system itself and not just the housing.
Clean inside the reverse osmosis systems undercarriage where the filter and filter housing are connected and rinse the area thoroughly, then try reinstalling the filters. If this does not stop the water leak then you may need to consider getting a new reverse osmosis system.
Just because a filter cartridge will fit inside your filter housing does not mean that it will best fit your needs. There are three common types of filters that you will readily find in your local hardware store, each having there own unique specific uses.
Not that anyone is better than another, but they each are used for different reasons depending on your specific needs. These filters come in 2.5 inch and 4.5-inch diameter, by 10 inch and 20-inch length.
The most commonly used is a simple sediment filter. This filter is used to remove dirt, sand, and debris that you can easily see and can cause blockage in your water softening system and screens on your faucets, washing machine and other appliances that have screens to keep out sediment.
Sediment filters come in different styles and micron ratings. You will usually see them ranging from as high as 50 microns to as low as 1 micron. The micron rating is just an indicator of how large (50 microns) or small (1 micron) of a particle the filter will filter out.
There is the pleated type that has much more surface area to catch more debris and is usually only for larger particles ranging from 15 microns and up, but can be found in as fine as 5 microns.
A spun-polypropylene filter is a solid white filter that is most commonly a 5 micron or less filter but can also be found as a dual-gradient in the 4.5-inch size.
This means that the outside of the filter will filter a larger sized particle, and finer particles the closer you get to the center of the filter. A string-wound filter is a fine particle filter that in usually for filtering from 5 to .5 microns.
This filter is for water that contains fine particles only as larger particles will quickly clog it and cause a drop in water pressure in the house. It is often more expensive than a pleated or spun-polypropylene filter, and not as readily available in most hardware stores.
No matter which type of sediment filter you use, I highly suggest using only polypropylene or polyester filters as cellulose (paper) filters can tear easier and allow debris to get through.
Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) filters are used to remove the chlorine if you are on a municipal water supply that uses chlorine to sanitize the water before getting to your home. These are also used to remove mild odors and a bad taste in the water.
They are not for sediment but can be used if you have minor sediment issues. Carbon block filters are used for a variety of ways, they are used as a sediment filter as well as for the removal of Chloramines, Cysts, Lead, and other specialty uses.
They tend to be more expensive because of there unique filtering uses so unless you have any of these special needs, they will likely be more than you will need.
Ok, now that you know what kind of filter to use and are a pro at how to change your filter cartridge, be sure to change your filter as needed and you may want to keep a few back-up filters on hand along with a new O ring in case you need it.
If you are missing your housing wrench, there is a universal type wrench called a belt wrench. This wrench can fit on almost any water filter housing and is great for many other household chores.
Naturally, you will have to clean up any water that has gotten onto the floor due to the leaking water filter. If you just need a towel to dry up a small area then great. But if you have more than just a little puddle to clean up, be sure to take some things into consideration.
If you plan on using a wet/dry vacuum for the cleanup, be very careful with the electrical cord and plan ahead for the emptying of the vacuum. Don’t let the vacuum get so full that you can’t get it to where it needs to go to empty it.
You also don’t want to let your vacuum get so full where you might spill it.
Be careful of electrical boxes or other electrical outlets. When working with water you should always stay clear of anything electrical, and avoid direct contact with the water whenever possible.
If you find areas of water that appear to have any type of debris in them, sweep away the debris before vacuuming up the water in case there is anything sharp or potentially harmful in it. Be extra careful if you believe that there may be any broken glass lying underneath the water as it can be very hard to see.
Now that we have your leaking water filter under control, you may want to consider some preventive measures in the case of a water leak occurring again.
Many of my customers have told me that they have been using very simple leak detectors as a precautionary measure against leaking water in the home and several have told me that they saved their home from major flooding issues.
How to fix leaking Pur water filter: A leaking Pur water filter is usually due to incorrect installation of the filter. Remove the filter and check to make sure that the O ring going around the filter is seated properly in its channel and reinstall.
If the filter unit is leaking by the faucet connection, remove the unit and reinstall it, being sure not to cross-thread the connection and tighten the adapter properly.
Fridge water filter leaking: Sediment filters for a refrigerator have an Oring going around them to make them watertight just like the Oring in a water filter housing.
If this Oring rolls or is forced out of its intended position, it may not seel correctly and result in a leak. If you change your refrigerator filter and it starts to leak, remove it and make sure that the Oring is clean and properly seated in its intended slot.
Then re-install the filter slowly, keeping it very straight when you are putting it in. This will keep even pressure on all sides of the Oring and it will be less likely to move out of position. Put a tiny amount of silicone-based lubricant on the Oring if the filter goes in with great difficulty.
Should I use cellulose or polyester filters? I always recommend using polyester filter cartridges in a whole house filter housing and in reverse osmosis systems.
This is because cellulose filters are basically paper, and if these paper filters tear, the pieces of paper that come off of them can get caught in your water softeners valve or they can make their way to a sink or faucet and cause it to clog.
Polyester filter cartridges are far more durable and can even be rinsed off and re-used a few times. And since they only cost a tiny bit more, I feel that they are a better choice.